Whether your home is safe?
do you feel when you return home and find
your house burgled? You feel outraged,
violated and vulnerable. You feel that there
is no safety and curse the system. You
complain to the police and if there is no
detection, you feel cynic and frustrated.
It is a common thing that some time entire
family has to go out after locking the
house. So when you are out the fear of
burglary is always lurking in your mind. Now
the question is whether burglary can be
is a non-confrontational crime. The burglars
enter in the house when no body is there.
But this crime makes us totally insecure and
How to prevent burglary?
order to prevent burglary it is important to
understand who commits this crime? When it
happens? Why it happens?
Burglaries are committed generally by the
young males looking for things, which are
small, expensive, and can easily be
converted into ready cash. Jewellery,
camera, VCR, television, radio, cash,
watches, guns, small electronic items are
high on the burglar’s list. Most of the
burglary takes place in the houses where
inmates are absent temporarily. It may
happen during the daytime as well as during
the nighttimes. In cities where both the
spouses are working and children go to
school are in the high risk of burglary.
It is often found that before committing the
burglary the burglar selects a house that is
unoccupied with easiest access, the greatest
amount of cover, with best possible escape
What you have to do is to make your house so
difficult for the potential burglars so that
the burglar cannot imagine entering in your
So follow the following tips to prevent
house burglary :
doors locked and windows covered even in
check whether the doors and windows of your
house are closed and locked when you are
grills on windows and glass panelled doors.
doors pad locked and main door bolted.
slam-shut locks instead of pad locks.
magic eye and safety chains on doors. Look
through the magic eye and ensure the door
chain is secure, before opening the door to
light burning when you go out of town.
your neighbors about your absence from your
home for a long or short period.
all valuable properties like VCR, TV etc.
valuables with an identification number like
your Ration Card, Passport or Driving
lights on the exit points of your house.
an alarm system and learn how to use it.
your alarm system and arrange for guard
ladders and tools.
home appear lived in.
keep huge amount of cash and ornaments in
keep the keys of the receptacles in which
the valuables are kept in the keyhole or
sleep near an open window during the night.
A burglar could snatch the ornaments from
bedroom locked from inside.
disturb the scene, if you notice theft in
your house, wait for the arrival of police
otherwise it will lead to tampering of
evidence like fingerprints, footprints etc.
allow any stranger to enter your house, when
you are alone without finding out his
persons coming to your house under the
pretext of repairing/selling things,
conducting meter readings etc.
heavy ornaments while travelling alone.
open your bag-containing valuable like cash
and ornaments, while travelling in public
alone with cash and Jewellery during the
record a message on answering machine
telling people you are on holiday or away.
Personal Safety :
- Always stop and think about the
- Always identify a visitor before
opening the door.
- Never allow young children to open
the door to visitors.
- Always ask representatives to
- Avoid walking alone at night.
- Walk in busy well lit roads, towards
Prevent Bag Snatching While Travelling?
Carry your purse close to your body and
slightly to the front.
Your purse should be closed and fastened
at all times. Do not leave it on a counter.
Do not carry your keys, cheque book or
credit-cards in your bag. Carry them in a
jacket or other pocket on your person.
Do not carry more money than necessary.
If someone attempts to take your bag, give
it up rather than risk personal injury.
Of Unverified Servants in Your House :
Get your domestic help's antecedents
Give his/her photograph as well as
address to the nearest Police Station for
Get his/her background verified from
Avoid giving access to his relatives and
Avoid displaying Jewellery and valuables
in the house.
Vehicle Theft :
Don’t keep vehicles in your house
compound without locking.
Two wheelers should be kept in the safe
places after tying with a chain and lock.
When you park your vehicle in the
parking area, ask somebody to keep an eye
Never leave the vehicle door unlocked.
Nor the windows partially open. Make sure
that quarter glasses are properly secured.
Never leave the key dangling in the
Double-check all doors (including the
boot) to ensure that they are properly
Each registration number of your car on
the rear & front window screens and
Do not leave valuables in your car even
if it is locked.
Cut down on extra fittings, as these
tempt prospective thieves.
Install a car alarm.
Never leave important documents in the
glove box or boot.
Never identify your key ring with your
Do not offer a lift to anyone you do not
If someone needs assistance, stop some
distance away and communicate through locked
doors and partially opened window. Always
stay in the car with the engine running.
Tell them you will send help.
In case of theft, immediately inform nearest
police station, dial 100
are requested that information regarding any
suspicious activities, abandoned vehicles,
articles, and other objects be promptly
communicated to the police at the nearest
police station or on telephone No. 100. The
police also be informed of any strangers who
may have come to stay in your neighborhood
and whose activities appear suspicious.
Information given by citizens regarding any
suspicious persons and their activities will
be kept confidential.
The police will continue to organize
nakabandis, combing and search operations
and therefore citizens are requested to
cooperate and bear with inconvenience, if
please note the following precautions:
Stay calm and do not get panicky.
2. Discourage rumor mongering.
3. Do not touch any unidentified object.
Explosive could be concealed in anything
like toys, transistors, lunch boxes.
4. Do not accept any parcel from strangers.
5. Sensitize your all family members,
6. Ensure that you roll up all windows and
quarter glasses of the vehicle and lock up
the vehicle every time you park it. Bonnet
and dickey should also be properly secured.
7. Before opening a car door, driver make
sure that its dickey, bonnet, doors have not
tempered with. If there is any suspicion,
help of local police should be taken.
8. Pass on information about the abandoned
vehicles, articles etc. promptly to the
police at the nearest police station or on
phone number 100.
For Residential Areas:
Hire qualified / experienced chowkidars
Check the antecedents / credentials of
chowkidars and domestic servants before
hiring them. Insist on references from their
previous employers. Furnish their full
particulars to your police station in the
format suggested by them.
Always employ different chowkidars for day
and night duties.
Secretaries of the Societies should be
advised to brief all the security men/
chowkidars/ lift men about various aspects
of security. some of them are;
1. To make enquiry if a taxi or autorikshaw
is seen parked inside the compound or
outside the building for a long time.
2. To make enquiry with the people bringing
in or taking out heavy parcels, suitcases,
3. Inform Police in case they find any
vehicle parked inside the building (if
ownership is not known) for a long time.
4. The secretary of the society should be
advised to brief all the residents on the
5. That whenever they employ any new
servant, police station should be informed.
His photographs, fingerprints and other
details must be obtained.
6. Whenever any family plans to go out of
the city for a long time, they should inform
Police (beat officers), so that special
watch can be kept.
7. They should be advised to install a door
with iron bars inside the flat, superior
quality night latches and special eye lens
on the main door, so that the door is opened
only after identifying the visitors.
Ideally, interaction with strangers and
vendors should be through the grilled door.
Also install a high wattage light source
with pilfer proof cover outside the main
8. They should not keep huge cash, valuable
ornaments etc., in the house but may use
9. They should avoid discussing money
transactions and other important family
matters in the presence of servants/
10. They should not humiliate the servants
on petty matters. Nor should they penalise
them for small damages.
11. It is important to inform the Police
about any suspicious happening or unclaimed
object found in suspicious circumstances.
Extend full cooperation to the Police.
12. A special register should be maintained
at every society and kept in the custody of
the chowkidars or in the society's office.
Whenever Police officers visit the area,
they should make an entry in such registers
Prevent Noise Pollution :
loudspeakers without valid permission or in
contravention of conditions contained in the
permission is prohibited.
Contravention is punishable with
imprisonment for six months or fine Rs.
1000/- or both under the Control of Noise
appeal to the public to prevent Noise
Pollution in the city.
Complaints against misuse of loudspeakers be
made to the
Police Control Room/ Concerned Police
How To Protect Your Self and Help To Keep
Your Home Safe:
Carry a bag that makes you a target. A bag
that dangles from the shoulder can be easily
yanked off your shoulder by someone coming
up from behind.
Carry your bag in such a manner that you can
let it go if you have to. Many women have
been injured because their own bags acted as
handcuffs as a purse snatcher yanked it
Be aware of your surroundings and carry your
bag close to your body, tucked in the bend
of your elbow.
Minimize the amount of money and credit
cards that you carry with you on a daily
basis. Divide your money between pockets and
You are the victim of a purse snatch, do not
fight to hold onto your bag, especially if
there is a weapon involved
AT HOME YOU SHOULD:
Have your key ready before you get to the front
Make sure your entrance area is well lit.
If you live in an apartment don't hold the
lobby door open for a stranger who has
Please use the door chain for verifying the
identity before fully opening the door.
List only your last name and first initial in
If a stranger wants to use your phone for any
kind of call from business to an
emergency ........ keep him out and you
make the call for them! Any problems or
in doubt? Call the police on
Phone no 100!
If you arrive home and find your door open
DO NOT GO INSIDE. Call the police
from a pay phone or neighbour's house
and ask them to meet you.
COMING HOME LATE AT NIGHT:
Avoid shortcuts that are not well travelled or
Know what reputable stores are open in your
neighborhood late at night.
If you suspect that you are being followed,
stay away from lonely quiet blocks and
head for the store you know to be open.
When walking to your car or on your way home,
keep your keys in your hand until you
are safely inside for added protection.
If someone drops you off at home by auto, ask
the driver to wait until you are safely
If a motorist bothers you while you are walking
turn around and walk in the opposite
direction of the car. Do this as often
as necessary and he should get
Tips For Safe Driving :
IF YOU ARE DRIVING:
Use a good anti-theft lock (electronic) on
Keep windows rolled up, except for a small
ventilation space and keep your doors
If someone attempts to force you off the road,
don't panic.....blow your horn
constantly to attract attention.
If you are forced over, as soon as you stop put
your car in reverse and back away.....
keep blowing the horn and moving the car
as much as possible.
If you suspect that someone is following you
make a few turns down active streets if
If the auto you suspect is following you makes
the same turns as you then head for the
nearest police station, fire house or
open store. Don't try to make it to your
own quiet residential area.
Try to park your car in a well lighted area,
this is not only good from the
standpoint of discouraging a personal
attack on you but also for reducing the
chance of auto theft. Look around before
you get out of your car.
Before getting into your car, look inside first
to make sure no one is hiding in the
back seat. When leaving your car, make
sure it is locked.
other than those permitted in the
Motor Vehicles Rules can be fitted
on the vehicle. This includes
spotlights, searchlights, mercury lamps,
moving lights and fancy lights. Dome
lights are also not permitted unless
No red light
can be fitted anywhere such that they
are visible from the front.
Only red lights and white reverse
lights are allowed as visible from
behind. During the night, the
license plate of a car must be
illuminated by a light.
All vehicles must have Hazard lights or
All vehicles must have rear-view mirrors.
These must be fitted externally in
The use of cellular phones is
prohibited while driving.
No TV/Video display
is allowed in a vehicle where it may be
a disturbance to the driver.
multitone horns can be fitted
onto a vehicle. Also, Horns producing
musical notes, unduly harsh, shrill or
alarming noises are also prohibited.
The glasses of the front and rear windscreen
should be such that the visual transmission
of light is not less than 70% and in
case of side windows, it should not be
less than 50%. The thumb rule is that
they permit clear vision from inside to
outside, and outside to inside.
DRIVING UNDER INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL:
Driving under the influence of alcohol is a
serious offense in India. In the event
of an accident in such a condition, the
law deals with offenders with great
severity. The punishment is fine and/or
imprisonment upto 6 months, and the
driving license is suspended for at
least six months.
Drunken driving is also one of the main reasons
for vehicle accidents and is among the biggest life-takers on Indian roads.
Alcohol goes from the stomach straight to the
blood stream. The body takes about an
hour to rid itself of one drink - this
means that if one drinks at a rate
faster than that, the alcohol content in
the body will soon exceed tolerable
As the quantity of alcohol in the bloodstream
rises, the brain is affected, and the
sense of judgment is skewered. At higher
levels of intoxication, there are muscle
control problems, vision blurrings, and
finally a complete loss of physical
co-ordination facilities. Given these
facts, driving, even at low alcohol
levels can be very dangerous.
CAUTIONARY TRAFFIC SIGNS :
MANDATORY TRAFFIC SIGNS
IN CASE OF ACCIDENTS:
The victim and his relatives have a RIGHT
to obtain the copy of the FIRST
INFORMATION REPORT, PANCHNAMA, MEDICAL
REPORT and other relevant documents for
claiming compensation. The victim can move
the Motor Accident Claim Tribunal as
prescribed by the law
Stop and help the injured. Under Section 134
of the Motor Vehicles Act, it is the responsibility of the driver of the vehicle
involved in the accident to convey the
injured to the nearest hospital /
medical practitioner. The doctor in such
a case shall be duty bound to provide
medical aid without waiting for any
If the accident involves a vehicle carrying
dangerous goods (oil tankers, chemical
carriers etc.), keep everyone away. Do
not let anyone smoke in the vicinity.
Offer medical assistance. If the person
refuses medical assistance, try to
obtain in writing from the person that
he does not desire any medical help.
Note down names and addresses of
witnesses and registration
numbers of vehicles passing
by, these could prove useful during
If a policeman comes on scene, note his name
and number as well and provide him with
all possible details.
Do not move the vehicle
- unless ordered by a police officer to
do so / to remove a trapped person / to
prevent obstruction to fire services or
highway traffic. However if you have to
move the vehicle mark the tire positions
of the vehicles involved with the
directions of their heading using a
chalk or paint or any means for further
reference to the police investigation.
HOW YOU CAN HELP THE POLICE:
In several cases, citizens are unwilling to
disclose information on locally
witnessed crime incidents or accidents
in fear of reprisals at the hands of
criminal elements or the persons
involved or in order to avoid attending
courts etc. Sometimes there is
information on very serious
crime/accidents such as unauthorised
weapons, narcotic drugs, explosives,
contraband etc, information about
vehicles involved in accidents and many
a times description and identity of the
perpetrators of the crime. Citizens
are bound by law to convey such
information to the Police. Please
cooperate by kindly passing on such
information to the Police immediately
since delay can be fatal.
It may be remembered that every Citizen is a
policeman without uniform and every
Policeman is a citizen in uniform.
Participation of members of public in
police working is very important as it
does not only help police but ultimately
it helps the public only.
How people can help police
They can help police in two ways
a) In Investigation of crime
b) In prevention of crime.
(a) In investigation people can pass on
valuable information to police regarding
(i) Description of the
(ii) Number and description of the
vehicle involved in the crime and
the direction in which it is
speeding after the crime.
(iii) Vehicle abandoned in a public
place for a long time
(vii) Narcotic drugs, etc.
(viii) Suspicious movements of
strangers or known people
The members of public are also advised
not to handle anything or disturb the
scene of offense till the arrival of
police which helps in collecting
valuable piece of evidence against the
Citizens can call a
hotline number 100
and report any information in complete
anonymity. The caller can give a
fictitious birth date or identity number
etc, which could be used as a code for
identification for follow-ups on the
crime and for any rewards that the
caller may be eligible for.
(b) In the prevention of crime also members of
public can play a major role. Mere
taking safety precautions in one's own
interest amounts to a major
contribution. The important tips for the
members of public to be observed in
their day to day life are given in the